In 1950 Indian agriculture sector that was contributing 51.9% of GDP, since then it has been on a downside and it currently stand at 13.9 %. However a change in agrarian centric economy to an industry centric economy was invited with the advance industries, industries are growing very fast in our country those companies are helping to farmers with help of government, this collaboration is providing new technology to the farmer in the form of subsidiary.
Government has introduce in different sector which helps to Indian farmers.
PROGRAM & SCHEME:
Crop & NFSM
These are the government has introduced new and some old schemes that could help to Indian Farmer still lagging behind of this opportunity. During the Assembly election, the Gujarat government has announced a slew of measures to rural votes. This includes wavier of GST on equipment used in Micro-Irrigation, 0 interest on loans up to 3 lakh for farmers, and a bonus of 500 Rs per quintal on cotton. But here these sops are not likely to make farmers in the stay happy.
According to the survey 2/3rd of Indian population is directly with agriculture even then contributing maximum of 13% of our GDP. But there is some requirement & availability of seed in India where 80% of farmers(small and marginal) have suffer from financial exclusion and have no formal access to credit and government schemes. There so many problems which faced by the country farmer where higher availability than requirement where we are lagging. There is some major problems & challenges India facing today, we are lacking on storage facility where around 40% of all fruits and vegetables get wasted in India when they move from grower to consumer. And 21 million ton of wheat goes wasted in the country every year. But there is identification of Government scheme which is not reaching to the farmers and they are still depend on money lender and old technology of agriculture. There is good example of eastern India where still some states are there, where farmers are not getting total benefit this in not only problem of eastern India but it is a problem of whole country. Every year government is making some plane for farmers but those are not reaching to the farmers. So many politician giving good example about government we give 10 Rs but how much money reach to at the end of farmer 0.50 Rs. Corruption is reducing the efficiency of Farmer who feed the hunger but he sleep without food. There are some government scheme which helps to Indian farmers.
Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP)
Re-Introduced The re-launched Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP) will be available to the investors in the denomination of Rs. 1000, 5000, 10,000 and 50,000, with no upper Ceiling on investment. The certificates can be issued in single or joint names and can be transferred from one person to any other person / persons, multiple times. The facility of transfer from one post office to another anywhere in India and of nomination will be available. The certificate can also be pledged as security to avail loans from the banks and in other case where security is required to be deposited. Initially the certificates will be sold through post offices, but the same will soon be made available to the investing public through designated branches of nationalized banks.
The scheme was very popular among the investors and the percentage share of gross collections secured in KVP was in the range of 9 % to 29 % against the total collections received under all National Savings Schemes in the country. Gross collections under the scheme in the year 2010-11 were Rs. 21631.16 cores which was 9 % of the total gross collections during the year. In the year of its closure, the scheme secured gross collections of Rs. 7575.95 cores (April 2011 to November 2011).
Krishi Amdani Beema
Yojana To give an impetus to the dying agricultural practice there is 14 core hectares of agricultural land in India, of which only 44 per cent in under irrigation Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana would be introduced so that more agricultural land is irrigated. Talking about the plight of small and marginal farmers he said that most of them were leaving the agricultural practice because of the uncertainty over the produce and returns. Krishi Amdani Beema Yojana so that the farmers don‟t bear any financial burden if their produce gets destroyed due to unexpected weather or for any other reason.
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sinchai Yojana
Ensure water supply to farmers round the year and Basic contours of the agri-irrigation programme would be on lines of the PMGSY, under which each irrigation project would be selected for releasing funds by the state government after seeking nod of the concerned Zilla Parishad. Importance in the wake of poor implementation of various irrigation projects in some states despite release of central funds by different ministries under various schemes for several years. Besides, water is necessary for farmers as country‟s 50 per cent of the agriculture land.
Pradhan Mantri Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was launched last week, for the development of model villages. Under the Yojana, Members of Parliament (MPs) will be responsible for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019, and a total of eight villages each by 2024.
Soil Health Card Scheme for Every Farmer
Farming as an activity contributes nearly 1/6th of our Gross Domestic Product and a majority of our population is dependent on it for their livelihood. Deteriorating soil health has been a cause of concern and that has been leading to sub optimal utilization of farming resources. Imbalanced use of fertilizers, low addition of organic matter and non-replacement of depleted micro and secondary nutrients over the years, has resulted in nutrient deficiencies and decrease in soil fertility in some parts of the country. These are the major schemes which helps to improve the production of Indian Agriculture, and it could helps to move towordes to uniform and sustainable farming in India