Agriculture can be defined as the art, the science, and business of cultivating crops and livestock for economic purposes. At certain stages of human development, agriculture used to be the only known means of living.
It is derived from the Latin terms ager referring to the soil and cultura to its cultivation. Agriculture is a broad term encompassing all aspects of crop production, horticulture, livestock farming, forestry etc.
AGRICULTURE can be expanded as
A – Activities on the
G – Ground for
R – Raising
I – Intended
C – Crops for
U – Uplifting
L – Livelihood
T – Through the
U – Use of
R – Rechargeable
E – Energies
Scope and Importance of Agriculture
Agriculture is the most important enterprise in the world.
Agriculture is a production plant where the free gifts of nature such as land, water, air, soil energy, etc. are used as inputs and then converted into a single primary unit that is crop plants and their yield which are indispensable for human beings. Those primary units are consumed by animals and are converted into secondary units like milk, meat, eggs, wool, honey, silk, etc.
Agriculture has the contribution of 16% in the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country. The agricultural sector also provides livelihood to two-thirds of the population. The agricultural sector is responsible for the employment of 58% of country’s workforce.
Significant contribution in country’s exports:
This sector accounts for about 15% of the total export earnings and provides raw material to almost all the industries i.e. textiles, silk, rice, rubber, paper, flour mills, milk products industries.
An important source of resource mobilization:
As the people in rural areas are not very rich, it proves as one of the biggest markets for low-priced consumer goods.
Better Agriculture better is the Food Security of the country:
If the agricultural sector of a country is strong, it acts as-as a wall in maintaining food security and in the process, national security as well.
Important allied sectors:
There are many allied sectors of agriculture like horticulture, silviculture, poultry, dairy, and fisheries. They have a very important role in the development the rural masses. So there is a need for the balanced development of agriculture and allied sectors.