Justified use and precautions of pesticide chemicals

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Due to the nature of pesticides being poisonous, the risk of having bad effects on the health of the farmers, farm laborers and people during their use remains. The balanced and inappropriate quantity of insecticides has adverse effects on the environmental components.

Therefore, Pesticides / Kitnashankas should use the advice of agricultural scientists. But many farmers do not have knowledge about the proper quantity and safety of insecticides. Or also do not give it importance.

It is a duty of laborers working in agricultural expansion workers, industries and farms to maintain safety and environment protection from insecticides. That the measures of protection from pesticides reach the masses.

Do not buy pesticides from footpath dealers or non-licensed persons.

Do not buy pesticides in bulk for the whole season.

Do not buy insecticides of unsolicited labels on containers.

Never buy pesticides with expired periods.

Do not buy pesticides with leak / loose / non-sealed containers.

Never store pesticides at home premises.

Never move insecticides into other containers from the original container.

Do not store insecticides with weedicide.

Do not allow children to enter the storage place.

Pesticides should not be exposed to sunlight or rain water.

Do not transport insecticides with evergreens / feeding / other food items.

Never take pesticides in bulk on the head, shoulders or back.

Do not use dirty or stagnant water.

Never prepare spraying solutions without wearing protective clothing.

Do not let the insecticide / its solution fall on any part of the body.

Never use avoiding reading instructions on the container’s label for use.

Do not use spraying solution ever after 24 hours of preparation.

Do not use excessive amounts, it can affect the health of the plants and the environment.

Do not eat, drink, chew or chew during pesticide spraying.

Do not use leakage or defective equipments.

Do not use defective / uncompressed nozzles, do not bleach the clogged nozzle with the mouth. Instead use the toothbrush tied to the sprayer.

Do not use the same sprayer for both weedicide and pesticide.

Do not use more quantity and concentration than the recommended quantity and concentration.

Do not sprinkle on the hot sun day or in the case of strong wind.

Do not sprinkle immediately before the rain and immediately after the rain.

Emulsifiable concentrated formulation should not be used for spraying with battery-operated ULV sprayer.

Do not spray contrary to the direction of the wind.

Despite the complete washed and container used for mixing pesticides, it should never be used for domestic purpose.

Do not enter into the treated farm immediately after sprayed without protective clothing.

The sprayed slurry should not be excused with the slurry pond or water body etc.

The empty containers of insecticides should not be used again for the storage of other materials.

Never eat / smoke before taking bath and washing clothes after pesticide use.

If there are symptoms of toxicity, do not take the risk and take the patient to the doctor as it can endanger the life of the patient.

Precautions to be considered while buying Pesticides

Buy pesticides / bio pesticides only with registered licensed pesticide dealers.

Buy Insecticides in only the required quantities for single operation in the specified area.

See approved labels on pesticides containers / packets.

See the batch number, registration number, date of manfacture/expiry on the label.

Buy well-packaged pesticides.

Precautions during store

Store the pesticide away from the premises of the house.

Pesticides should be kept in its original container only.

Pesticides and weed-killers should be kept separately.

The area where insecticides are stored should be marked with warning signs.

Pesticides should be stored away from the reach of children and pets.

The storage should be well protected from direct sunlight and rain.

Precautions while handling

Keep insecticides at different place during transport.

Pesticides if taken in bulk quantity, should be carefully handled.

Always use clean water while preparing the spraying solution.

Use protective clothing i.e. gloves, face masks, cap, apron, complete trousers, etc. to cover the entire body.

Always save your nose, eyes, ears and hands from the flow of spraying solution.

Before using, read carefully the instructions on the container label of pesticide.

Prepare the amount of solution as needed.

Granular pesticides should be used in this way

Avoid spraying of pesticide solution while filling the sprinkler tank.

Always use the recommended amount of insecticide.

No such activity should be taken that could affect your health.

Selection of equipment for pesticide use

Select the right type of equipment.

Select the right size tube (nozzle).

Use different sprayers for insecticides and weedicide.

Caution in the use of chemical spray solution

Use only recommended quantity and diluted solution.

Spraying should be done in sunny days.

Use recommended sprayers for each spraying.

Spraying should be done in the direction of wind.

After spraying the sprayer and bucket should be washed with clean water using detergent / soap.

Avoid entering the livestock / laborers immediately after the sprinkling.

Precautions after spraying the pesticide

The surviving spray solution should be disposed off in the safe place ie the barren desert area.

Used / crushed container should be crushed with stones / sticks and buried in deep in soil far away from water sources.

Wash hands and face with clean water and soap before eating / smoking.

Provide first aid when symptoms of toxicity appear and the patient show to the doctor. Also show the doctor a blank container.

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