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All about “Kefir”, a drink to discover!

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What is that ?

The  Kefir  is a drink obtained after the fermentation of grains of  kefir  in milk or fruit juice. From the  Caucasus  kefir  is a  probiotic  (= living microorganisms, yeasts and bacteria). The kefir grains   are formed of casein (= protein contained in milk and cheeses) and gelatinous colonies growing in symbiosis (= association between living beings whose benefits are reciprocal). There are two types of  kefir  : the  kefir  milk and  kefir  fruit.

Milk kefir

The grains of milk kefir are opaque and agglutinated. It is possible to ferment them in cow’s, sheep’s or goat’s milk. Immersed in milk, they transform the latter into kefir and increase simultaneously. These microorganisms act by coagulating casein and transforming lactose (= milk sugar) into lactic acid, alcohol and carbon dioxide. Thus, a white and creamy liquid comes out of it, whose consistency and taste recall those of beaten milk.

Why consume milk kefir?

  • It is rich in vitamin B, folic acid and protein;
  • It can be consumed by people intolerant to lactose;
  • Kefir restores the intestinal flora: it promotes digestion, soothes stomach ulcers and strengthens the biliary system;
  • It strengthens the immune system and acts as a natural antibiotic: it is effective in cases of pneumonia, asthma, hypertension and cholesterol;
  • It helps to improve the condition in case of skin problems, allergies or insomnia.
Preparation  : In a 1.5 L glass container, put about 30 grams of milk kefir grains and pour 1 L of milk into it. Cover with a cloth and let stand at room temperature for 24 to 48 hours. Then strain the kefir grains and store them in the refrigerator in a little milk.

Fruit kefir

The kefir grains  of fruit are small, white and have the appearance of small translucent crystals. Fermented in fruit juice, they act in the same way as  milk kefir grains  .

Why consume fruit kefir?

  • It improves intestinal transit and is effective in relieving ulcers and gallbladder diseases;
  • It improves the condition of people with anemia, sclerotia and people with respiratory diseases, such as asthma and bronchial catarrh (= Acute or chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract);
  • It also soothes rashes and eczemas.

Preparation  : In a 1.5 L glass container, put about 70 grams of fruit kefir grains and pour 1 L of non-chlorinated or mineral water. Add 2 spoons of cane sugar, half a sliced ​​lemon and 2 dried figs. Cover and let the fruit kefir stand for 24 to 48 hours at room temperature. Then, just strain the kefir with a  plastic colander  and store the beans in sugar water in the refrigerator.

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